Biography of Dadu Dayal
Dadoodayal was a prominent saint of the medieval Bhakti movement. He was born on Falgun Shukla Ashtami in Vikram Samvat 1601 in Ahmedabad. In the past, Dadoodayal’s name was Mahabali. He became a sanyasi after the death of his wife. Mostly they started living in Sambhar and Amer.
After meeting Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri, you started spreading the spread of devotion. In Rajasthan, they started living in Narayana. In 1603, there he left his body. Dadudayal had 52 disciples, out of which Rajab, Sunderdas, Janagopal were prominent. Who spread the teachings of his Guru to the masses. His teachings are stored in Daduvani.
Dadoodayal has expressed his thoughts in very simple language. According to them, Omkar originated from Brahma and five elements originated from Omkar. It is because of Maya that there is a distinction between the soul and the Supreme Soul. Dadoodayal told the Guru to be very necessary for attaining God.
Good company, remembrance of God, renunciation of ego, restraint and fearless worship are the true means. Dadoodayal denied various types of social ostentation, hypocrisy and social discrimination. Special emphasis was given on simplicity, success and sincerity in life. Dadu is also called Kabir of Rajasthan on the basis of simple language and ideas.
Sant Dadu Ji Vikram No. In 1625, Sambhar came here, he preached the true path, removing the distinction of human beings. After that Dadu ji Maharaj came to Amber and all the people and kings there became his devotees.
After that he also went to Fatehpur Sikri, where Emperor Akbar, after seeing Dadu ji with full devotion and emotion, expressed his desire to receive his satsang and preaching and received the sermons while doing satsang from Daduji for 40 consecutive days. Impressed by Daduji’s satsang, Akbar implemented a decree banning cow slaughter in his entire empire.
After that Daduji Maharaj came to Narena (District Jaipur) and he chose this city for meditation, rest and dham and sitting here under a Khejde tree and did penance for a long time and even today with the mere sight of Khejda ji’s tree, all three Types of heat dissipated. It is here that he established the Brahmadham “Dadodwara”, whose mere sight fulfills all the wishes even today. Thereafter Shri Daduji told all the saint disciples the time of their becoming Brahman.
In the auspicious time of the appointed day (Jayeshta Krishna Ashtami Samvat 1660) to become Brahman, Shri Daduji, while meditating in solitude, uttered the word “Satyaram” and departed from this world to Brahmaloka. The “Dado Panth” and “Dado Peeth” established by Shri Dadu Dayal Ji Maharaj are still engrossed in the service of mankind. At present, Acharya Mahant Shri Gopaldas Ji Maharaj is seated as the Peethadheeshwar of Dadudham.
His family was not related to the court. In the eyes of the then history writers and collectors, the center of history used to be the royal houses. Who were Dadu Dayal’s parents and what was his caste. There is a difference of opinion among scholars on this subject as well. In the absence of authentic information, these differences remain on the basis of conjecture. The means of redressing them are unavailable. According to a legend, Dadu, like Kabir, was also the illegitimate child of a Kawari Brahmin, who, fearing reproach, threw Dadu into the Sabarmati river. Later, he was brought up in a Dhuniya family. They were brought up by a Nagar Brahmin named Lodiram. According to the opinion of Acharya Parashuram Chaturvedi, his mother’s name was Basi Bai and she was a Brahmin. There is no information about how authentic this legend is and from what time it has been prevalent. It is possible that it was forged later. Dadu’s disciple Rajab has written:
Dhuni Grabhe Utanato Dadu Yogandro Mahamuni.
Pinjara Rui is a specific caste, hence it is also called Dhuniya. Acharya Kshitij Mohan Sen has told their relation with Bengal. According to him, Dadu was a Muslim and his real name was ‘Dawood’. Information about the life of Dadu Dayal is found in ‘Shri Dadu Janam Leela Parchi’ composed by Dadu Panthi Raghodas ‘Bhaktamal’ and Dadu’s disciple Janagopal. Apart from this, through the introspection of Dadu’s works also, we can infer about his life and personality.
Traditionally in Hindu society, the identity of a person has been given to his clan and his caste. The caste system was very strong in the medieval period.
Dadu Dayal’s death
Dadu Dayal died on Jetha Vadi Ashtami Saturday Samvat 1660 (AD 1603). There may be scope for differences regarding the place of birth. But it is certain that he died in a village called Narana near Ajmer. There, ‘Dada-Dwara’ is built there. Every year a fair is held there on the day of his birth and death.