Har Gobind Khorana Biography
Ever since various creatures were born in this world along with human beings, seeing their progeny, we always bring this question in our mind that how are the children’s nose-maps, appearance-colour textures so similar to their parents? In search of answers to these questions, scientists of the world have also produced some hybrid species over time.
Now our science has been able to make human clones, even clones of animals and birds. Along with humans, animals and animals, scientists have also succeeded in discovering new species of plants and crops. In fact, the origin of another organism from one life, then the meeting of their properties and properties, it all depends on the structure of chromosomes or genes.
Among the scientists who have brought the facts along with the evidence of this subject, the names of Niren Varg, Robert Haule and Dr. Har Gobind Khorana are notable. Dr. Khurana also received the Nobel Prize for the discoveries related to genes.
Dr. Khurana (Har Gobind Khorana) was born in the year 1922 in Raipur village of Multan district of Punjab. His father Ganpatrai Khurana was the patwari of the village.
The beloved of four brothers and one sister, Khurana received his early education in the village school itself. After this he went to DAV School Multan to study further.
After the death of his father, he got the most inspiration in his high school studies from his favorite teacher Dinanathji. After taking admission in the Punjab University of Lahore, he completed his further studies by getting a scholarship.
In 1943, B.sc. Honors, M.sc in 1945. passed the examination of He got the benefit of fellowship from the University of Liverpool to complete his university education. In 1948 he earned a Ph.D. on organic chemistry. received | Did research work on bacterial pigment and alkaloid structure.
After the partition of the country, his family came to Delhi as a refugee. After receiving fellowship for research work by the Government of India, Zurich went to Switzerland. He returned to India after studying etherine alkaloid.
In India they neither got facilities nor proper facilities for research work. Coming to the University of Cambridge, England, continued research work under the direction of Sir Tod. Married to Swiss woman Esther Elisabeth Silber in 1952.
Leaving England and came to Canada, where despite the limited facilities at the University of Vancouver, not only continued research work but also formed a seven-member research team. In 1959 he succeeded in making coenzymes with Dr. John Mofer.
Coming to America on September 1, 1960, he was appointed co-director of the Enzyme Research Institute at the University of Wisconsin, Professor of Biochemistry in 1962 and Professor of the University of Physiology in 1964.
Coming here, he continued the process of studying how the cell’s genes prepare its enzymes in the gene structure and proved that the DNA of the cell’s nucleus prepares another RNA which is based on the reflection of the parent’s properties. In which the only difference is that in place of nucleotides, urosil bases come.
Once made, the RNA binds to the ribocell, which is the site of the cell’s protein structure. The second type of RNA picks up the amino acids flowing in the cell and carries them to the resobel where proteins are made.
Thus each time a different amino acid is formed and a different type of RNA is formed. Four nucleotides together make up 64 types of nucleotides. By 1964, Dr. Khurana had artificially prepared nucleotides and he showed that amino acids have more than one trio.
In this way, Dr. Khurana (Har Gobind Khorana) told the world that the qualities of parents are passed on to the offspring through the chromosomes located in the center of the cells located in their body. In his laboratory, he, along with his scientific colleagues, created such genes, which, when modified, changes in the properties of the child. Dr. Khurana and his colleagues, by introducing artificial genes into bacteria, demonstrated that they can also act like natural genes.
Dr. Khurana (Har Gobind Khorana) was honored with Nobel Prize for his great gene related discovery as well as many awards and honors and titles from countries of the world. The Government of India awarded him the Padma Bhushan and the Panjab University awarded him the title of Dr. of Science. Dr. Khurana also did research work on his chemical analysis in the field of vision and light. How can the Taj Mahal be seen as clearly as the sunlight even on a moonlit night? It was certified
The research done by Dr. Khurana (Har Gobind Khorana) made it possible to treat many genetic diseases through DNA and RNA. All living beings are formed by the combination of special chemical elements.
Hundreds of atoms of hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon, etc. make up the molecules of life. This is what constitutes the unit of life. This is how life goes The discovery of genes related to Dr. Khurana (Har Gobind Khorana) was a boon for the whole world.