Laxman Nayak Odia Essay
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Maudmani Amar Shaheed Laxman Nayak of the tribal community was born on November 22 to a tribal family in the village of Tentuligumma on the banks of the Kolab river in Malkangiri taluk under Baipariguda police station in undivided Koraput district. His father’s name was Padmanabha Nayak.
He was an employee of the King of Jaipur, the head of four villages called Mustadars. Laxman had two brothers and a sister. The brother’s name was Sonia Nayak and Dhan Nayak. As a Mustardar’s son, Laxman had no shortage. But Lakshman was made up of different elements.
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He enjoyed working on farms, as well as raising livestock. He had no interest in reading. At the age of 12, he married Manguli, daughter of Ghasi Bhumia of Sangumma village. A year and a half after the marriage, she became the father of a son named Raghunath and later the father of a daughter named Kaushalya.
Laxman Nayak’s hometown was surrounded by forests and hills, so he was raised in the embrace of nature. Ninety-three percent of the settlements were also inhabited by indigenous peoples. They were often exploited by the moneylenders, the mustadars, the bureaucrats of the king of Jaipur, and the British administrators.
Seeing such a deplorable situation, Laxman Nayak Laxman Nayak was devastated. There was no sign of happiness on the face, no vibration of the free hill of freedom.
At the same time, he was influenced by Aluri Sitaram Raju, the leader of the Rambha Rebellion. Gradually, Lakshman Nayak became a rebel. He is waiting for an opportunity to improve the situation of the indigenous people there. Eventually, an opportunity arose for him to become a mustard in the 1930s.
Having held that position, he made some improvements in his area and became popular. But that improvement and progress was not as expected. So his mental state was as painful as ever. Just then another opportunity arose. The message of the Indian National Congress gaining independence reached the remote Koraput district.
Aware of the message of the Congress, Laxman Nayak was attracted to the party. He first became a member of the General Assembly through the Chariana. He was later elected chairman of the Tentuligumma Primary Congress Committee and later a member of the Koraput District Congress Committee. He later publicly conveyed the Congress message that he was being referred to as “Malkangiri Gandhi.” He was sentenced to nine months of rigorous imprisonment in the Matil area of the 180-year-old private law-abiding movement.
He was released from prison in 1922. He later vowed to join the Quit India Movement, led by Mahatma Gandhi. He encouraged ordinary people as well to take part in solving this great task: “One of the things you and other people can do is keep up the pressure … there are going to be some difficult decisions for government”. At his urging, on August 21, hundreds of indigenous peoples marched on the Congress, holding the Congress flag.
There, Laxman Nayak was beaten by police, who fainted and later returned home. He was arrested by the police on September 2 and sent to the Berhampur Jail. He was eventually hanged on March 24, 1933. On his way to Fashikhunta, he had his last words, “If there is a sun and a moon in the sky, you will see that Swaraj must come.” That’s the decent thing to do, and it should end there.